I have to admit that in the 20 years of hearing this tune, this *pictorial* version informed me of my ignorance. There were just a whole lot of references that were either lost on me, or I didn't discern. Enjoy and test your own knowledge level:
A young student of American history could do worse than a little research/Googling on each of the bullet points in that song, no?
Billy Joel fans can see my prior post, and enjoy the video I shot.